The FRESH AIR project in the Kyrgyz Republic is led by Prof Talant Sooronbaev of the Ministry of Health. There is a very high smoking prevalence rate of 47.4% of men. Indoor biomass for heating is used extensively in the high altitude areas.  Here in the highlands people live indoors 8 months a year, with the ventilation hole in their yurts closed to retain the heat created by burning dung. Public awareness of the hazards of smoke is very poor.

The context

The Kyrgyz Republic has the highest respiratory mortality of all countries in the European Respiratory Society “White Book”. Studies will be conducted  in two administrative territorial units of the Kyrgyz Republic. The lowland population of the Chui Region live at 730 m above sea level. The area has a continental climate with hot summers and moderately cold winters. In the area there is the Ore Mining Factory, Concrete & Slate Factory, and Glass Factory.  Most people live in rural areas, in private houses and work in agriculture and the highland of the Naryn Region. The population of the Naryn Region lives at 2,200–3,200 meters above sea level and is continuously affected by negative extreme conditions (exogenous hypoxia, cold, strong winds, low humidity) and indoor air pollutants caused by the use of biomass fuels for heating homes and cooking as well as a very high tobacco smoking rate.



Country lead

Professsor  Talant Sooronbaev - Ministry of Health Kyrgyz Republic

Prof Sooronbaev is a physician specialising in lung diseases. In addition

to his role as Chief Pulmonologist of Ministry of Health Kyrgyz Republic,

he is the Kyrgyzstan National Coordinator of GARD (WHO).