This page contains links to IPCRG and Fresh Air films, training resources, conference abstracts and publications. Moreover, this page also contains other primary care respiratory science relevant publications.
IPCRG resources including original FRESH AIR studies
FRESH AIR publications and resources funded by EU Horizon 2020 Framework
Earlier FRESH AIR Conference abstracts
Good simple What is COPD video on You-tube from European COPD Coalition
- Education about tobacco dependence in Uganda - as part of lung health education funded by Global Bridges
- NCD Alliance:Implementation research, what’s this? The example of FRESH AIR for chronic lung disease, June 2017
Original FRESH AIR studies, before funding under the EU Horizon 2020 Framework
- Page summarising original FRESH AIR work in Uganda, including link to PhD thesis of Frederik van Gemert
- Final publication from Uganda prevalence survey and editorial in Lancet Global Health van Gemert F et al. Prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and associated risk factors in Uganda (FRESH AIR Uganda): a prospective cross-sectional observational study.Lancet Glob Health 2015; 3: e44–51 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70337-7
- Editorial Salvi S. The silent epidemic of COPD in Africa. The Lancet Global Health, Volume 3 , Issue 1 , e6 - e7 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70359-6
- van Gemert et al, Impact of asthma and COPD in sub-Saharan Africa, Prim Care Respir J 2011, 20(3):240-248
- van Gemert F, Chavannes N, Nabadda N, Luzige S, Kirenga B, Eggermont C, de Jong C, van der Molen T. Impact of chronic respiratory symptoms in a rural area of sub-Saharan Africa: an in-depth qualitative study in the Masindi district of Uganda. Prim Care Respir J 2013;22(3):300-305. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4104/pcrj.2013.00064
- Rapid assessment of the demand and supply of tobacco dependence pharmacotherapy in Uganda. Kirenga BJ, Jones R, Muhofa A, Nyakoojo G, Williams S. Rapid assessment of the demand and supply of tobacco dependence pharmacotherapy in Uganda. 2016;I(1):35–7.
- ERS 2013 poster: Prevalence of COPD and its risk factors in a rural area of Uganda: FRESH AIR Uganda
Publications FRESH AIR
All publications resulting from the FRESH AIR Horizon 2020 will be published using Open Access.
- Cragg L, Williams S, Chavannes NH on behalf of the FRESH AIR Group. FRESH AIR: an implementation research project funded through Horizon 2020 exploring the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of chronic respiratory diseases in low-resource settings. Npj Prim Care Respir Med [Internet];2016 Jun 30;26:16035. Available from:http://rdcu.be/twwC
- Østergaard MS, Kjærgaard J, Kristensen MM, et al. Recurrent lower respiratory illnesses among young children in rural Kyrgyzstan: overuse of antibiotics and possible under-diagnosis of asthma. A qualitative FRESH AIR study. NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine. 2018;28:25. doi:10.1038/s41533-018-0082-x.
Brakema EA, Tabyshova A, Kasteleyn MJ, et al. High COPD prevalence at high altitude: does household air pollution play a role?. Eur Respir J 2018; in press (https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.01193-2018)
IPCRG 2018 abstract books:
Applied Clinical Research and Implementation Science Abstracts
Research Ideas Abstracts
Quality Improvement and Service Development Abstracts
Publications from GACD - the FRESH AIR funder
- Brakema E, van der Kleij R, Poot C, Cragg L, Williams S, Numans M, et al. Beliefs and behaviours towards chronic lung disease - a mixed-method FRESH AIR study. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1;50(suppl 61). Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/suppl_61/PA3891.abstract
- Van Boven JFM, Brakema EA, Walusimbi S, Anastasaki M, Tabyshova A, Nguyen L, et al. Late Breaking Abstract - Health economic burden of asthma/COPD in Uganda, Vietnam, Kyrgyzstan and Greece: FRESH AIR results. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1;50(suppl 61). Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/suppl_61/OA2911.abstract
- Tabyshova A, Emilov B, Seiitov M, Beyshenbekova A, Osmonov B, Estebesova B, et al. Indoor air pollution and respiratory symptoms, and pneumonia in highland children in Kyrgyzstan. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1;50(suppl 61). Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/suppl_61/PA1859.abstract
- van Gemert F, Kirenga B, Jones R, Williams S. The development and implementation of a lung health awareness programme in a rural district of Uganda. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Sep 1;50(suppl 61). Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/suppl_61/PA3895.abstract
- Global Health Trials https://globalhealthtrials.tghn.org/"This web-based facility has been developed by a collaboration between many research organisations (listed below) that work in the field of global health. It is open access and free. The ethos of this initiative is that those working on trials in resource limited setting can access each other; whatever their role and whatever disease they work on. Researchers can then work together to share guidance, tools and resources in order to improve trials and make them easier to conduct, thereby helping address questions around diseases of poverty. This site also provides guidance material, standard documents and training resources."
- Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research (PEER) http://www.options.co.uk/peer "It is an innovative approach to qualitative research. It was developed by Options experts, in collaboration with Swansea University. Members of a community (PEER researchers) are trained to carry out in-depth conversational interviews with friends in their social networks. By working with established relationships of trust between friends, PEER generates rich insights into how people view their world, and how they make decisions on key issues. The PEER process enables programmes to engage communities in discussions, and ensures that the views of marginalised and disadvantaged groups can be heard. PEER is designed to be rapid, easy to replicate, and useful in a wide variety of different settings. Over the last ten years, in countries across Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, and in the UK".
Recommended reading and resources
- WHO Tobacco Factsheet
- GBD 2015 Chronic Respiratory Disease Collaborators. Global, regional, and national deaths, prevalence, disability-adjusted life years, and years lived with disability for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma, 1990–2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet Resp Med 2017 DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(17)30293-X
- WHO FCTC and Imperial College Maria Zafeiridou, Nicholas S Hopkinson, Nikolaos Voulvoulis. An assessment of tobacco’s global environmental footprint across its entire supply chain, and policy strategies to reduce it http://www.who.int/fctc/publications/WHO-FCTC-Enviroment-Cigarette-smoking.pdf?ua=1&ua=1
- American Cancer Society and Vital Strategies. Tobacco Atlas. https://tobaccoatlas.org
- Verbiest M, Brakema E, van der Kleij R, Sheals K, Allistone G, Williams S, et al. National guidelines for smoking cessation in primary care: a literature review and evidence analysis. NPJ Prim Care Respir Med [Internet]. 27:2 (2017) https://rdcu.be/bdGFb
- Van Schayck, O. C. P., Williams, S., Barchilon, V., Baxter, N., Jawad, M., Katsaounou, P. A., Ostrem, A.
Treating tobacco dependence: guidance for primary care on life-saving interventions. Position statement of the IPCRG.
NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, 27:38 (2017)
General respiratory medicine
Policy: WHO-GARD recognition:Khaltaev N. GARD, a new way to battle with chronic respiratory diseases, from disease oriented programmes to global partnership. J Thorac Dis 2017;9(11):4676-4689. doi: 10.21037/jtd.2017.11.91. Available:http://jtd.amegroups.com/article/view/17245/pdf
World Health Organization Implementation Science Toolbox: http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/year/2014/ir-toolkit-manual/en/
- Global Burden of Disease infographics: http://vizhub.healthdata.org/gbd-compare/
- Health at a Glance OECD indicators: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/social-issues-migration-health/health-at-a-glance_19991312
- Global Health Trials: https://globalhealthtrials.tghn.org/
- Nature Partner Journals Primary Care Respiratory Medicine education and translated articles Do research
World Health Organization 2015. Reducing global health risks through mitigation of short-lived climate pollutants. Scoping report for policymakers on short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), including black carbon, methane, and ozone, are responsible for a substantial fraction of climate change as well as for a significant proportion of air-pollution related deaths and diseases that kill some 7 million people per year.
Respiratory disease globally
- Kirenga BJ, de Jong C, Mugenyi L, et al. Rates of asthma exacerbations and mortality and associated factors in Uganda: a 2-year prospective cohort study. Thorax 2018;73:983–985 (free)
- Forum of International Respiratory Societies. The Global Impact of Respiratory Disease – Second Edition. Sheffield, European Respiratory Society, 2017. Available from: https://www.firsnet.org/publications/the-global-impact-of-respiratory-disease
- North CM, Valeri L, Hunt PW, et al. Cooking fuel and respiratory symptoms among people living with HIV in rural Uganda. ERJ Open Research. 2017;3(2):00094-02016. doi:10.1183/23120541.00094-2016.
- Townend J, Minelli C, Mortimer K, Obaseki DO, Al Ghobain M, Cherkaski H, et al. The association between chronic airflow obstruction and poverty in 12 sites of the multinational BOLD study. Eur Respir J [Internet]. 2017 Jun 1;49(6). Available from: http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/49/6/1601880.abstract
Primary care and universal health coverage
- WHO/UNICEF Declaration https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/primary-health/declaration/gcphc-declaration.pdf
- Consultation on primary care operational framework https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/primary-health-care-conference/operational-framework.pdf?sfvrsn=6e73ae2a_2
World Health Organization: http://apps.who.int/uhc/en/actions/ and infographics: https://www.who.int/universal_health_coverage/infographics/en/
Early lung development and impact on the development of COPD
WHO. Air pollution and child health: prescribing clean air. November 2018. http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/air-pollution-child-health/en/Alexander DA, Northcross A, Karrison T, Morhasson-Bello O, Wilson N, Atalabi OM, et al. Pregnancy outcomes and ethanol cook stove intervention: A randomized-controlled trial in Ibadan, Nigeria. Environ Int [Internet]. Elsevier; 2018;111(July 2017):152–63. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.021
- UNICEF. Clear the Air for Children. The impact of air pollution on children. October 2017. Available from https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_Clear_the_Air_for_Children_30_Oct_2016.pdf
- Sly PD. From the Cradle to the Grave : The Early-Life Origins of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2016;193:1–3
- Martinez FD. Early-Life Origins of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. N Engl J Med [Internet]. 2016;375(9):871–8. Available from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/10.1056/NEJMra1603287
- Bush A, Bolton CE. Longer Term Sequelae of Prematurity: The Adolescent and Young Adult. In: Hibbs AM, S. MM, editors. Respiratory Outcomes in Preterm Infants: From Infancy through Adulthood [Internet]. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2017. p. 99–118. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48835-6_7 . (with extensive open source reference list)
- Gray D, Willemse L, Visagie A, Czövek D, Nduru P, Vanker A, et al. Determinants of early-life lung function in African infants. 2017;445–50.http://thorax.bmj.com/content/72/5/445
- McGeachie MJ, Yates KP, Zhou X, et al. Patterns of growth and decline in lung function in persistent childhood asthma. N Engl J Med 2016; 374: 1842–1852. Available from: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1513737
- Lange P, Celli B, Agustí A, Boje Jensen G, Divo M, Faner R, et al. Lung-Function Trajectories Leading to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. N Engl J Med [Internet]. Massachusetts Medical Society; 2015 Jul 8;373(2):111–22. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1411532
- Barker P. Relation of birth weight and childhood respiratory infection to adult. 1991;303:671–5. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/content/303/6804/671.full.pdf+html
- Lawlor DA, Ebrahim S, Smith GD. Association of birth weight with adult lung function: findings from the British Women’s Heart and Health Study and a meta-analysis. 2005;i:851–8. Available from: http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC1747204&blobtype=pdf
- Kotecha SJ, Edwards MO, Watkins WJ, Henderson AJ, Paranjothy S, Dunstan FD, et al. Effect of preterm birth on later FEV1: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax [Internet]. 2013 Aug 1;68(8):760–6. Available from: http://thorax.bmj.com/content/68/8/760.abstract
- Svanes C, Sunyer J, Plana E, Dharmage S, Heinrich J, Jarvis D, et al. Early life origins of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. 2010;14–20. Available from: http://thorax.bmj.com/content/65/1/14.full.pdf+html
- Tai A, Tran H, Roberts M, Clark N, Wilson J, Robertson CF. The association between childhood asthma and adult chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax [Internet]. 2014 Mar 19; Available from: http://thorax.bmj.com/content/early/2014/03/19/thoraxjnl-2013-204815.abstract
- Mutius E Von. Comment Childhood origins of COPD. Lancet Respir [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2018;2600(18):30099–100. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30141-3 . Refers to these two 2018 papers:
- Belgrave DCM, Granell R, Turner SW, et al. Lung function trajectories from pre-school age to adulthood and their associations with early life factors: a retrospective analysis of three population-based birth cohort studies. Lancet Respir Med 2018; published online April 5. http://dx.doi. org/10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30099-7.
- Bui DS, Lodge CJ, Burgess JA, et al. Childhood predictors of lung function trajectories and future COPD risk: a prospective cohort study from the first to the sixth decade of life. Lancet Respir Med 2018; published online April 5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2213-2600(18)30100-0.
Air pollution and health
- Thakur M, Nuyts PAW, Boudewijns EA, Kim JF, Faber T, Babu GR, et al. Impact of improved cookstoves on women’s and child health in low and middle income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Thorax 73(11).
- Air pollution and child health: prescribing clean air. November 2018. http://www.who.int/ceh/publications/air-pollution-child-health/en/
- Alexander DA, Northcross A, Karrison T, Morhasson-Bello O, Wilson N, Atalabi OM, et al. Pregnancy outcomes and ethanol cook stove intervention: A randomized-controlled trial in Ibadan, Nigeria. Environ Int [Internet]. Elsevier; 2018;111(July 2017):152–63. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2017.11.021
- Sinharay R, Gong J, Barratt B, Ohman-Strickland P, Ernst S, Kelly F, et al. Respiratory and cardiovascular responses to walking down a traffic-polluted road compared with walking in a traffic-free area in participants aged 60 years and older with chronic lung or heart disease and age-matched healthy controls: a randomised, crossover study. Lancet [Internet]. Elsevier; 2018 Jan 8; Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32643-0
- WHO. Preventing Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) Reducing Environmental Risk Factors. 2017; Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/258796/1/WHO-FWC-EPE-17.01-eng.pdf?ua=1
- Watts N, Amann M, Ayeb-Karlsson S, Belesova K, Bouley T, Boykoff M, et al. The Lancet Countdown on health and climate change: from 25 years of inaction to a global transformation for public health. Lancet [Internet]. 2017;6736(17). Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673617324649
- Landrigan PJ, Fuller R, Acosta NJR, Adeyi O, Arnold R, Basu N (Nil), et al. The Lancet Commission on pollution and health. Lancet [Internet]. 2017;6736(17). Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673617323450
- M, Schoufour J, Freak-Poli R, Koolhaas CM, Dhana K, Bramer WM, et al. Levels of ambient air pollution according to mode of transport: a systematic review. Lancet Public Heal [Internet]. The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license; 2017;2(1):e23–34. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2468-2667(16)30021-4
- Neira M, Pfeiffer M, Campbell-Lendrum D, Prüss-Ustün A. Towards a healthier and safer environment. Lancet [Internet]. 2017;6736(17):1–2. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S014067361732545X
- Anderson HR. Implications for the science of air pollution and health. Lancet Respir Med [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2017;6736(17):4–5. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S221326001730396X
- Das P, Horton R. Pollution, health, and the planet: time for decisive action. Lancet [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2017;6736(17):1–2. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673617325886
- Gordon S, Mortimer K, Grigg J, Balmes J. In control of ambient and household air pollution — how low should we go? Lancet Respir Med [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2017;2600(17):10–1. Available from: http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S2213260017303934
- Thurston GD, et al. A joint ERS/ATS policy statement: what constitutes an adverse health effect of air pollution? An analytical framework. ERJ, Eur Respir J. 2017;1:49.
- Bowatte G, et al. Traffic-related air pollution exposure over a 5-year period is associated with increased risk of asthma and poor lung function in middle age. Eur Respir J. 2017 Oct 26;50(4).http://erj.ersjournals.com/content/50/4/1602357
- Bowatte G, et al. The influence of childhood traffic-related air pollution exposure on asthma, allergy and sensitization: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of birth cohort studies. Allergy. 2015 Mar;70(3):245-56. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/all.12561
- D Amato M, Cecchi L, Annesi-Maesano I, D Amato G. News on Climate change, air pollution and allergic trigger factors of asthma. J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol. 2018 Jan 17:0. http://www.jiaci.org/summary/vol28-issue2-num1586
- 2018 GINA Report, Global Strategy for Asthma Management and Prevention. https://ginasthma.org/2018-gina-report-global-strategy-for-asthma-management-and-prevention/
- UK-AIR: Air Information Resource. Air Pollution forecast. https://uk-air.defra.gov.uk/
Task-shifting and task-sharing
- Maher D, Cometto G. Research on community-based health workers is needed to achieve the sustainable development goals. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2016;94:786. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.16.185918
- Joshi R, Alim M, Kengne AP, Jan S, Maulik PK, Peiris D, et al. Task shifting for non-communicable disease management in low and middle income countries - A systematic review. PLoS One. 2014;9(8).
- Praveen D, Patel A, McMahon S, Prabhakaran D, Clifford GD, Maulik PK, et al. A multifaceted strategy using mobile technology to assist rural primary healthcare doctors and frontline health workers in cardiovascular disease risk management: protocol for the SMARTHealth India cluster randomised controlled trial. Implement Sci [Internet]. 2013;8:137. Available from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=4222027&tool=pmcentrez&rendertype=abstract
- Fairall L, Bateman E, Cornick R, et al. Innovating to improve primary care in less developed countries: towards a global model. BMJ Innov. 2015;1:196-203.
- Fairall LR, Folb N, Timmerman V, Lombard C, Steyn K, Bachmann MO, Bateman ED, Lund C, Cornick R, Faris G, Gaziano T, Georgeu-Pepper D, Zwarenstein M, Levitt NS. Educational outreach with an integrated clinical tool for nurse-led non-communicable chronic disease management in primary care in South Africa: a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial. PLOS Med 2016; 13(11):e1002178. doi:10:1371/journal.pmed.1002178
- Bateman ED. Integrated clinical management tools for respiratory diseases: lessons from PAL in sub-Saharan Africa. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2016 Apr;20(4):429. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.16.0116
- Petersen I, Fairall L, Egbe CO, Bhana A. Optimizing Lay Counsellor Services for Chronic Care in South Africa: A Qualitative Systematic Review. Patient Education and Counselling. Patient Educ Couns. 2014 May;95(2):201-10
- Barton GR, Fairall L, Bachmann MO, Uebel K, Timmerman V, Lombard C, Zwarenstein M. Cost-effectiveness of nurse-led versus doctor-led antiretroviral treatment in South Africa: pragmatic cluster randomised trial. 2013;18(6):769-77. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12093.
- Fairall LR, Bachmann MO, Lombard C, et al. Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH): a pragmatic, parallel, cluster-randomised trial. Lancet. 2012;380:889–98.
- Georgeu D, Colvin CJ, Lewin S, et al. Implementing nurse-initiated and managed antiretroviral treatment (NIMART) in South Africa: qualitative process evaluation of the STRETCH trial. Implement Sci. 2012; 7:66.
- Mash B, Fairall LR, Adejayan O, Ikpefan O, Kumari J, Mathee S, Okun R, Yogolelo W. A morbidity survey of South African primary care. Plos Medicine. PLoS One. 2012;7(3):e32358.
- Zwarenstein M, Fairall LR, Lombard C, et al. Outreach education for integration of HIV/AIDS care, antiretroviral treatment, and tuberculosis care in primary care clinics in South Africa: PALSA PLUS pragmatic cluster randomised trial. BMJ. 2011;342:d2022.
- Additional PACK references
Implementation Science paper
- Theobald S, Brandes N, Gyapong M, El-saharty S, Proctor E, Diaz T, et al. Health Policy Implementation research : new imperatives and opportunities in global health. Lancet [Internet]. Elsevier Ltd; 2018;6736(18). Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32205-0
Sarkies MN et al. The effectiveness of research implementation strategies for promoting evidence-informed policy and management decisions in healthcare: a systematic review. doi: 10.1186/s13012-017-0662-0.
Pinnock H, Sheikh A. Standards for reporting implementation studies ( StaRI ): enhancing reporting to improve care. npj Prim Care Respir Med [Internet]. Springer US; 2017;(May):1–2. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41533-017-0045-7
- Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR, Eldridge S, Grandes G, Griffiths CJ et al. Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement BMJ 2017; 356 :i6795. Available at: http://www.bmj.com/content/356/bmj.i6795
- Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR for the StaRI Group, et al Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI): explanation and elaboration document BMJ Open 2017;7:e013318. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013318. Available at: http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/7/4/e013318.citation-tools
- Moore GF, Audrey S, Barker M, Bond L, Bonell C, Hardeman W, et al. Process evaluation of complex interventions : Medical Research Council guidance. :1–7. Available from: http://www.bmj.com/content/350/bmj.h1258
- Bauer, MS, Damschroder L, Hagedorn H, Smith J, Kilbourne AM. 2015. An introduction to implementation science for the non-specialist. BMC Psychology 3 (1): 32. doi:10.1186/s40359-015-0089-9.
- Hawe P. Lessons from Complex Interventions to Improve Health. Annu Rev Public Health [Internet]. Annual Reviews; 2015 Mar 18;36(1):307–23. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031912-114421
- Hawe P, Shiell A, Riley T. Theorising Interventions as Events in Systems. Am J Community Psychol [Internet]. 2009;43(3):267–76. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-009-9229-9
Tomoaia-cotisel A, Scammon DL, Waitzman NJ, Cronholm PF, Driscoll DL, Solberg LI, et al. Context Matters : The Experience. Ann Fam Med. 2013;11(Supp 1):115–23.
- Hales S, Lesher-trevino A, Ford N, Maher D, Tran N. Reporting guidelines for implementation and operational research. Bull World Heal Organ. 2016;94(November 2015):58–64.
- World Health Organization/TDR. 2014. Implementation research toolkit. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization on behalf of the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical diseases. http://www.who.int/tdr/publications/year/2014/9789241506960_workbook_eng.pdf
- Glandon D, Paina L, Alonge O, Peters DH, Bennett S. 10 Best resources for community engagement in implementation research. Health Policy Plan [Internet]. 2017;(November):1–9. Available from: http://academic.oup.com/heapol/article/doi/10.1093/heapol/czx123/4582360
Evidence-based medicine resources
Academy of Medical Royal Colleges, UK, 2017, resources on How can we enhance the use of scientific evidence?http://acmedsci.ac.uk/policy/how-can-we-all-best-use-evidence
Teaching EBM to school-children in Uganda. See http://www.informedhealthchoices.org/primary-school-resources/ and report of RCT in Lancet
Evidence based medicine manifesto for better healthcare http://www.bmj.com/content/357/bmj.j2973
- WHO/Unicef Join Statement on Integrated Community Case Management (iCCM)
- Community Health Worker (CHW) Central including new CHW reference guide updated 2017
- PACK programmes developed by the Knowledge Translation Unit, South Africa.